Introduction – What is a digital World ?

Techmigrant 1

Hello and welcome to my first blog post,  titled ” What is a digital world?” We live in a highly interconnected world where technology is ubiquitous and plays an important role in our lives. It is important therefore, that we as educators re-think how we teach our students, to enable them to develop the skills and knowledge required to be successful in a digital world. Please read my reflection on “what is a digital world ?” and the accompanying material. I also invite you to read my storify page and watch the videos, to get a deeper understanding of this topic.

Please click on my voki link above, to hear my avatar introduce this topic.

Reflection 1: What is a Digital World?


To understand the concept of a “digital world,” I conducted a digital audit of myself as recommended by Dr. Jennifer Howell. Upon reflection I realised that I use the internet for business transactions, shopping, entertainment, information searches, communication, and learning; devices such as iPods and mobile phones are now fixtures of my everyday life ( see picture above). Digital technologies are redefining what it is to live and work around the world (Selwyn, 2012, p. 1). Therefore I concur with Dr. Howell’s (2014) explanation that a digital world is a world where modern technology is ubiquitous and integral to daily life, consequently changing our ideas of communication, and affecting our sense of place.

The pervasiveness of digital technology, means that digital fluency will become a prerequisite for obtaining jobs, participating meaningfully in society, and learning throughout a lifetime (Resnik, as cited in White, 2013; Howell, 2012, pp.11-13). By engaging with the reading material, I learned that there are varying levels of digital fluency. Digital immigrants such as myself, who have recently attempted to use technology, have skills and fluency that may not compare to digital natives, who are born in the digital age and are confident consumers of digital technology (Bennett, Maton, & Kervin, 2008, p. 777; Helsper & Eynon, 2010, p. 504; Howell, 2012, p. 6; Prensky, 2001; Selwyn, 2009, p. 365). However, I learned that despite technology being embedded in their lives, young people’s skill and use of technology differ, as technology plays different roles in their home and school life (Bennett et al., 2008, p. 778; Howell, 2012, pp. 6,12; Selwyn, 2009, p. 372). Therefore, digital fluency outside school, does not guarantee digital fluency within an educational context.

The challenge for me, both as an educator and a digital immigrant, will firstly be to acknowledge that I must adapt to the needs of this digital world and secondly, to develop a positive attitude and aptitude towards emerging technologies to help build a strong digital pedagogy. This will enable me to engage students and build their digital fluency within an educational framework. Moreover, I will be able to meet the digital expectancy of the various stakeholders who express the need for students to be digitally fluent with skills that will enable them to contribute successfully, and participate confidently in the digital world.

Total number of words: 381 – In-text references: 53 = 328 words

Please note : The above photo is taken by myself, whilst conducting the digital audit. Therefore there is no reference.


Bennett, S., Maton, K., & Kervin, L. (2008). The ‘digital natives’ debate: A critical review of the evidence. British journal of educational technology, 39(5), 775-786.

Helsper, E. J., & Eynon, R. (2010). Digital natives: where is the evidence? British educational research journal, 36(3), 503-520.

Howell, J. (2012). Teaching with ICT. Digital Pedagogies for Collaboration and Creativity. Victoria: Oxford University Press.

Howell, J. (2014). Living and Learning in the Digital World [ilecture]. Retrieved from

Prensky, M. (2001). Digital natives, digital immigrants part 1. On the horizon, 9(5), 1-6.

Selwyn, N. (2009). The digital native-myth and reality. Aslib Proceesings, 61(4), 364-379.

Selwyn, N. (2012). Education in a digital world: Global perspectives on technology and education: Routledge.

White, G. K. (2013). Digital fluency: Skills necessary for learning in the digital age. Australian Council for Educational Research,Retrieved from

TROn Monday, the 19th of October, my school had organised for all staff to have a professional development day. One of the speakers was Tony Ryan. Tony Ryan is an Australian learning consultant who is obsessed with two things:
1. His own learning; and
2. Everyone else’s learning

He gave us an inspirational talk, enlightening us about the future of education. In his talk, he focused specifically on how Information and Communication Technologies are changing the future of business and stressed the importance for educators to embrace technology in their pedagogy, to be able to provide students with skills required to participate in this digital world. To quote Tony Ryan

” 10-year-olds today will more likely be creating their own employment by the time they leave school. While the accredited university degree will still have merit up ahead, the simplistic pathway of school-uni-work is not as clear-cut as it used to be. Young people will need extensive support in making this new transition, and will require skills such as project-based management, critical and creative thinking, outright initiative, and various gamification applications… as well as heaps of digital savvy.

That age group of 12 to 16 year old’s are our future. When we think of the future of a city or a community, we only need to look at that group right now. If they are encouraged to be innovative at this age, they’re more likely to be innovative up ahead. And a culture of innovation has significant benefits for a city. As well as the development of IP that generates income, the city becomes a global magnet for other innovators. ”

Please find attached the link to his blog to read more about his views on this topic.

What is the difference between digital natives and digital immigrants ?

digital native digital immigratnThe photo ” digital natives and digital immigrants” ( Being five, 2015)…….

digital immigrant dig native

The photo ” digital natives vs digital immigrants” (Swiftly digital, 2015)……


Being five. (2015). Digital natives and digital immigrants [Image]. Retrieved from

Swiftly digital. (2015). Digital natives vs digital immigrants [Image]. Retrieved from


Watch this TED Talk by Jinha Lee, showing us how innovations in digital technologies are changing our future. The border between our physical world and the digital information surrounding us has been getting thinner and thinner. Designer and engineer Jinha Lee wants to dissolve it altogether. As he demonstrates in this short, gasp-inducing talk, his ideas include a pen that penetrates into a screen to draw 3D models and SpaceTop, a computer desktop prototype that lets you reach through the screen to manipulate digital objects. The question to ask ourselves as educators is : How are we going to help our students develop the skills and knowledge to think along these lines?


“Like many of you in this room, I’m a digital immigrant. I wasn’t weaned on the web, nor coddled on a computer. Instead, I grew up in a highly centralized world where news and information were tightly controlled by a few editors, who deemed to tell us what we could and should know. My two young daughters, on the other hand, will be digital natives. They’ll never know a world without ubiquitous broadband internet access.” – ( Rupert Murdoch, 2005)

Reference : The Guardian. (2005). Rupert Murdoch’s speech to the American Society of Newspaper Editors. Retrieved from